Bozcaada, third biggest island of Turkey, is situated in the North of Aegean Sea, at the exit of the Dardanelles Strait.
The surface of the island, with its surrounding islets, is 36 km2, its perimeter is 38 km. Bozcaada, except the small ridges inside part of the island,
consists of big plains and its highest point is Göztepe with 192m. The wind is the most important factor of the climate and nature of Bozcaada.
It is said that the climate of Aegean Sea changes in Bozcaada.
The northeaster blowing during whole summer is vital for Bozcaada grapes.
Bozcaada's climate and vegetation are different that the ones of the surrounding region.
The island is both under the Mediterranean climate influence, and exposed to the northern winds as it is situated in the edge of the Dardanelles Strait.
This weather enables low humidity rates and growing of good grapes as well as holidays with cool winds during the blistering times of summer
and to fill the sails of the windsurfers.
In the windswept parts of the island, vegetation can't emerge. There are forestry areas in the middle of the island.
437 species of plants belonging to 65 families are found in the island.
The plants specific to the island but not endemic are Borçanka, Gumwood, Kum Sütleğeni, Tapeworm, Yellow Poppy, Silene Laciniata, Tragacanth, Sea Daffodil, Sea Tragacanth.
Martyrs' Tulip (Turril):
This rare and endemic wild carnation which is recorded in Gallipoli Peninsula and Bozcaada is a plant which is under the risk of extinction
Crows, Dogs, Hedgehogs, Goats and Cats:
The crows of the island are of a specific kind. It is the smallest its tone is the most acute among the all crows, and it is attractive with its white eyes and grey nape.
The islanders are living together with these animals.
They are brave enough to sit on your table at the café or inspirational to give its name to one of the island's wine brands.